short story with gerunds and infinitives

Practice with Gerunds and Infinitives Ask a friend or family member these questions.

I write articles on learning English especially for people wishing to live in or travel to Australia, and for those who are interested in business and all kinds of issues! For example: We asked her not to go. For example: What do you think about: Another way to do this is to give them prompts to complete regarding tastes, and have them agree or disagree with another. It Is good practice for Part 4 of the Reading and Use of English section the Cambridge B2 First Exam.

For this part, you practice grammar and vocabulary. However, it is important to note that gerunds are verbs that act as noun in sentence; therefore, they functions as the subject in sentences and not as verbs. Identify the gerunds and infinitives in the second paragraph, The first paragraph uses second person (you). When using a passive voice in your sentences, it can also be used as an auxiliary verb.

Which paragraph is more formal and sophisticated? It is formed with to + base form of the verb.

Remember that an infinitive is formed by preceding a verb with the preposition to (to+verb). In this part, you will hear someone being interviewed. Therefore, it can be an object, the object of a preposition, or a subject complement. And this can be confusing to people trying to learn and master the English language. Study these sentences.

B2 Vocabulary Entertainment and the Media, B2 Vocabulary Exercise 2 | Entertainment and the media, B2 Vocabulary Exercise 3 | Entertainment and the media, B2 First Listening Test Part 4 Exercise 1. On the other hand, the present participle of a verb also ends in -ing but is like a verb or adjective. Be optimistic. Unlike other words that ends with -ing, a gerund does not function as a verb. (joining / to join), You won’t forget _________milk on your way home, will you? (crying / to cry), Jim stopped _________ his shoelace. An infinitive is formed with "to" and the base form of the verb. This is a gerund’s distinctive characteristic, when you know how to find out what the subject of the sentence is, you will find it easier to figure out if the -ing form of the verb is used as a gerund or just the continuous form of the verb. (picking up /to pick up). (fighting / to fight), As the famous saying goes, there’s no use ______ over spilt milk. Some verbs may be followed by gerunds, some may be followed by infinitives, and some may be followed by both. play > playing, cry > crying, bark > bark, For verbs that end in e, remove the e and add ing. Therefore, it automatically is used as the subject of the sentence. After the straightforward rules for verbs like manage (infinitive) and enjoy (gerund) it can be quite difficult for students to grasp the difference in meaning between a verb like try which can be followed by both, but with different meanings. Sometimes you will be unsure if you need to use an infinitive or a gerund in a sentence. Wait for him. - GRAMMAR END EXERCISES (B&W VERSION INCLUDED) Level: intermediate Age: 12-17 Downloads: 2681 Gerunds and Infinitives On another hand, present participle and other continuous verb forms still act as verbs in sentences. What do you remember doing? This is probably ‘classic Melbo, Such a beautiful park. Cambridge English exams are designed for learners at all levels from the pre-intermediate level Cambridge English: Key (KET) to the very advanced level Cambridge English: Proficiency (CPE). Here are some examples: Moreover, the present participle of a verb can also be used as an adjective that modifies a noun or pronoun, or follows the be verb. Activity components. After you have finished, your partner will be asked a short question about your photo. . In this example, the object of the verb is the pronoun her that is objective form of the pronoun she referring to a person. What Are Gerunds?

play > playing, cry > crying, bark > barking; For verbs that end in e, remove the e and add ing.

Although they are fundamentals of the language, there are still other important and determining aspects that one needs to thoroughly study and clearly understand in order to have a strong and effective command of the language. To help you understand the topic better, here are the general rules in using a gerund: The main characteristic of a gerund is that is acts a noun. What are you looking forward to doing tomorrow. However, like in the example, although a gerund is basically a verb, it acts as a noun; thus, it is grammatically correct to use traveling as a noun in the example. These exams give candidates proof of their ability to use English in a wide variety of contexts, relevant to work, study and leisure activities. Here is a short list for each: With these lists obviously comes a lot of vocabulary explanation. It is grammatically correct to use an infinitive immediately after an adjective. It is preceded by "be" (am) and follows the subject, Mentoring other employees is his favorite part of the job, Her decision to major in medicine was based on volunteering at the hospital, They love inspiring other students at the college, In the first sentence, "mentoring" is the subject of the verb "is", In the second sentence, "volunteering" is the object of the preposition "on", In the third sentence, "inspiring" is the object of the verb "love", "It" + linking verb + adjective + infinitive, After he finishes college, he wants to work as a geologist, The verb in the first sentence is "wants" and the infinitive is "to work", The (linking) verb in the second sentence is "is" and the infinitive is "to listen", Making your writing more formal and academic, If you want to be happy, you should do five things. The 2019 Wuhan Coronavirus has affected our lives everywhere and so I thought it’d be good to present some key vocabulary for you to be able to follow the media discussion. Contrary to what others believe in, the English language goes beyond the basic subject-verb agreement.

The sentences are formal and poetic.

Have questions or comments? Gerunds and infinitives worksheets: GERUND versus INFINITIVE Level: intermediate Age: 12-17 Downloads: 2953 INFINITIVE OR GERUND? A common problem for many learners, especially at B1 and B2 level, and even for those preparing for the Cambridge First (FCE) exam, is knowing what patterns come after some frequently-occurring verbs. Page and check your text using a unique Contextual Grammar and Spell Checker. What activity have you tried and failed to do?

You should think positive thoughts.

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Any action verb can be made into a gerund. When a gerund is used on a sentence, it acts as the noun or subject. In this part, you will hear people talking in eight different situations.

Here are some examples of gerunds used after a preposition: The to be verb is considered as the most irregular verb in the English language. Example: He wanted ….to kiss….her. Remember to start out simply and build upon what they know. Infinitives are also best used to describe the purpose of someone.
For this part, you practice vocabulary word-building by changing different words using a base word. Third, it helps to be optimistic. For example: Meanwhile, infinitives are best used in sentences that has actions that are unreal or abstract, or that will occur in the future. Ex: to buy, to work. Combine hands-on discussion and activities with fill in the blanks, quizzes and competitions. For example: Because gerunds and infinitives have this difference discussed above, one way to help them remember is to provide a list of verbs. #melbmom, I looked to the left and saw this The tal, A glorious week The list of verbs followed by gerunds is more concrete while the verbs followed by infinitives are more abstract. At the basic level you will need to start out just by distinguishing the difference and doing this while keeping your language pretty simple. Here are some examples: When you use an adjective in your sentence to describe something, a verb usually follows.
Here’s an example that has been quite successful.

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